President Joe Biden issued an executive order Friday directing a commission of 36 scholars, former judges, lawyers, and others led by a former Obama adviser to evaluate expanding the number of justices on the Supreme Court.
In launching the review, Biden fulfilled a campaign promise that came amid pressure from activists and Democrats to reshape the Supreme Court after its composition moved sharply to the right during President Donald Trump's term. Trump's third Supreme Court nominee, Justice Barrett, was confirmed just eight days before the 2020 presidential election, which infuriated Democrats who had argued that her confirmation should be delayed until after the election, when the new Congress, now a Democratic majority, would be in session. That gave conservatives a 6-3 split with liberals on the court.
Biden has said that the federal judicial nomination system has been "getting out of whack", but he repeatedly avoided answering the question on the campaign trail of whether he supported expanding the court. Some of the reforms that will be discussed include "packing" the court or introducing term limits.
Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) said the White House is directly assaulting the nation's independent judiciary.
The commission will be co-chaired by NYU School of Law professor and former White House counsel Bob Bauer and Yale Law School professor Cristina Rodriguez, who served as a deputy assistant AG for the Justice Department. The number of justices on the court has remained at nine for more than 150 years.Читайте также: B.C. records almost 1,900 new COVID-19 cases in two days
"I'm sure he'll take a look at that report that this diverse group of members are putting together, thinking through for the next 180 days, and it will impact his thinking moving forward", Psaki said of Biden. But it was not charged with making a recommendation under the White House order that created it. The panel includes experts on constitutional law, history, and political science, the White House added.
Despite promising a bipartisan commission, Biden's list prominently features leftist Democrats and legal scholars and only a few Republicans or conservatives, many of them critical of President Donald Trump and his Make America Great Again movement. He also asserted the move goes against a warning by the late Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg not to expand the number of seats on the high court.
Six of the nine current Supreme Court Justices were appointed by conservative presidents. As the weak, the frail, the ever-struggling cognitively Joe Biden ordered a commission to study the effects of judicial reform.
The 82-year-old Breyer is the court's oldest member and the senior member of its three-justice liberal wing. But she did not weigh in on whether liberal advocacy groups should continue circulating a petition urging Breyer to retire.При любом использовании материалов сайта и дочерних проектов, гиперссылка на обязательна.
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