Consistently supported Palestinian nation-building efforts, says India at UNSC

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Earlier this month, the new chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Representative Gregory Meeks, said he planned to back Biden's major policy reversals, including the resumption of humanitarian aid and the return of a Palestinian diplomatic presence in Washington.

President Biden has taken steps to reverse Trump-era policies in the Middle East by throwing the administration's support behind finding a two-state solution between Israel and Palestine.

The acting USA envoy to the UN, Richard Mills, told the Security Council that Mr Biden supported a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

However, under a failed peace proposal by former President Donald Trump, Washington would have recognized Jewish settlements in occupied territory as part of Israel.

In a joint statement on Tuesday, Belgium, Estonia, France, Germany and Ireland expressed "deep concern" regarding the "critical financial situation" that the UN's Palestinian refugee agency (UNRWA) has experienced since the Trump administration's funding cuts began.

Mills reiterated what had been long-standing US policy before the Trump administration, calling on both sides to avoid unilateral actions that harm efforts to reach a peace agreement: "annexation of territory, settlement activity, demolitions, incitement to violence, and providing compensation for individuals imprisoned for acts of terrorism".

New Delhi's policy on the issue has been support for a sovereign and independent Palestine living side by side in peace and security with Israel.

Mills said that the U.S. will continue "to urge other countries" to follow suit in normalising relations with Israel.

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President Biden's approach will be to support "a mutually agreed, two-state solution" to end decades of conflict between Israelis and Palestinians, says acting USA envoy to UN Richard Mills.

In 2018, the United States ordered the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) office in Washington shuttered in a move that was largely symbolic, as Palestinian officials reportedly prefer direct contact with USA counterparts, bypassing the mission.

Mills acknowledged relations between the two sides are "at a nadir".

"Now is the time to heal and fix the damage left by the previous U.S. administration", he said. He also expressed hope that "the U.S. will play an important role in multilateral efforts for peace in the Middle East".

Arab League Secretary-General Ahmed Aboul Gheit said "Palestinians suffered from unprecedented pressure from the former United States administration" and said the organization's 22 members look forward to Biden correcting Trump's actions and working with worldwide and regional parties to relaunch "a serious peace process".

This stipulates creating a Palestinian state that will peacefully cooperate with the existing Jewish state, something that is expected to end the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and serve as a foundation for lasting peace in the Middle East.

On the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, he suggested that the council discuss what he called "the real obstacles to peace: Palestinian incitement and culture of hate".

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