India reported 78,524 new cases, followed by Brazil at 41,906 and the United States with 38,904 new infections.
Nepal is where the pandemic is most on the rise, with an 81 percent increase to 2,700 new cases per day.
The record increase was fuelled by a surge of infections in Europe.
Europe reported almost 97,000 new cases on Thursday, the highest total for the region ever recorded by the global health body. However the record death toll on a single day was recorded by the body on April 17 with 12,393 deaths.
Europe surpassed 100,000 daily reported COVID-19 cases for the first time on Thursday, after countries such as Russian Federation and United Kingdom saw no respite in the mounting number of infections every day in the past five days.
The United Kingdom recorded more than 17,000 cases on Thursday with the country's Health Minister Matt Hancock warning that the United Kingdom was at a "perilous moment".
Globally, more than 36 million cases of COVID-19 have been reported, including more than 1 million deaths.
Among the 10 countries in the region, including Ukraine, Russia and the Czech Republic, eight posted record increases in cases in the past week. "The trend is clear, and it is very concerning", said Dr Yvonne Doyle, medical director for Public Health England.
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The world has recorded its highest number of daily coronavirus cases since the pandemic began.
The seven-day rolling average of new cases climbed to 13,448, the highest since the outbreak started.
Italy, in the southern region of Europe, recorded over 4,000 cases for the first time since April when the country was slammed by virus.
Infections in the United Kingdom also reached record levels with over 17,000 new cases reported on Thursday.
While India still leads in the globe in the number of new cases reported per day, new infections in the country are in fact down some 20 per cent from the peak.
The United States still leads the world in total Covid-19 cases-over 7.8 million people, or 2.38% of the population, have been infected, including President Donald Trump-and deaths, with over 217,000 fatalities.
State health data shows 1,344 Missourians were hospitalized with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 on Wednesday.
Jordan yesterday entered a nationwide 48-hour lockdown, for the first time in months.