Fires in Amazon rainforest up more than 80% this year, scientists warn


In early August, farmers in the Amazon self-declared a "fire day" to burn trees, emboldened by the fact that the government isn't enforcing rainforest protections that are part of national law.

The Amazon rainforest is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America.

According to Inverse, these fires were reportedly created by farmers and loggers because they wanted to clear the Amazon for more land.

The Amazon has often been referred to as the planet's lungs, since it alone produces around 20% of the oxygen in Earth's atmosphere.

He sacked the previous director of INPE, Ricardo Galvão, accusing him of faking deforestation data to undermine the government.

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Bolsonaro's comments come as Brazil hosts a United Nations regional meeting on climate change in the northeastern city of Salvador ahead of December's summit in Chile.

"I am 31 years old and I think about the future generation, our children and grandchildren, because today we have land that has been preserved, but in 10 or 15 years we will not be able to live the way we live now", Marcelo Parintintin, a professor within the tribe, said.

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Data from the Brazilian Space Research Institute showed that around 870 square miles of the Amazon has been destroyed by human-made fires.

That compares with 39,759 in all of 2018, according to the embattled National Institute for Space Research (INPE), which has been in Bolsonaro's cross-hairs since it released data showing a surge in deforestation in recent months. It said it had detected 9,500 fires since Thursday, the majority of which are in the Amazon region.

It comes as criticism mounts over President Bolsonaro's environmental policies, with scientists claiming the Amazon is being deforested at an accelerated rate since he took office in January.

People around the world who are anxious about the environmental effects of human activities and the resulting fires are spreading awareness and expressing their opinions on Twitter, Instagram and other social media platforms.

The Amazon rainforest is experiencing the highest number of forest fires since 2013.

Ariana Grande posted three photos of the fires in her Instagram Stories, which included the caption, "If ur not from Brazil, and dont have no clue about what's happening here, here it goes". So much so, that it can be seen from space and people are starting to get anxious over the unprecedented forest fire spread, just like in Siberia or Alaska this year, which is shaping up to be the hottest on record.

The country's president-Jair Bolsonaro has drawn also flak for going soft on forest violations, environmental crime convictions and timber confiscations.

Germany, then Norway, have announced their decision to block the funds which they were set to pay (35 and 30 million euros respectively) to the Amazon Fund until they receive signs that the situation has improved.