Moon mission is a signal of India’s growing space ambitions


India is getting ready to launch its first-ever lunar lander on Sunday 14 July.

ISRO will carry out launch of its second mission to the moon on July 15Final launch checks on the GSLV MK-III, which will carry India's second mission to moon Chandrayaan-2, are under way at the launch pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. PSLV versus GSLVThe two big missions before this-the Chandrayaan-1 and Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)-were launched using the PSLV class of launch vehicles, while this will be launched using India's heaviest rocket so far. India is looking to take a giant leap by sending second unmanned mission to the moon.

On November 14, 2008 the Moon Impact Probe (MIP) detached from the orbiting Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft and hard landed on a designated spot, close to the Moon's South Pole. The lunar lander, known as "Vikram", and a rover, known as "Pragyan", will set up shop in the south, far further than any previous mission to the moon.

The rover is carrying an X-ray spectrometer that could analyze the composition of the Aitken basin crust to find clues about its origin story.

The mission, Chandrayaan-2, which means "moon vehicle" in Sanskrit, will send a rover to collect samples from the surface of the moon and monitor seismic activity.

This article was originally published by Futurism. It won't feature humans, but Chandrayaan-2 is carrying three lunar exploration robots able to survey the moon from both the surface and the sky. The Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft has three modules namely Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) & Rover (Pragyan).

According to the information, there are more chances of finding water in the form of ice in this region, which remains mostly in shadow compared to the rest of the moon. "Everything is progressing normally", said an official of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

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The United States spent about $25 billion -- the equivalent of more than $100 billion in current prices -- on 15 Apollo missions, including the six that put Armstrong and other astronauts on the Moon. A Full Dress Rehearsal (FDR), a process in which the participants will stimulate the exact process of the space launch, is scheduled for July 12 on Friday. The mission life of the Orbiter is one year and it will be placed in a 100X100 km lunar polar orbit.

Despite the relatively small budget, the mission does raise questions about how funds are allocated when the country is still battling hunger and poverty.

India intends to ramp up its presence in space in the near future.

The country's ambitions are playing out amid a resurgent space race.

April 19, 1975 - India's first satellite, Aryabhata, is launched from the former Soviet Union. One of these experiments led to the mission's most important discovery - it detected traces of water vapour.

Experts say India's focus on its space program reflects the aspirations of its young population.