India's Chandrayaan 2 rocket. "No manmade object has ever reached the landing site chosen for the Lander module of Chandrayaan-2", he added. The most hard part of the mission will then begin as Vikram will first search for an appropriate landing site on the South Pole of the Moon, where no country has attempted landing before. "The launch of #Chandrayaan2 illustrates the prowess of our scientists and the determination of (1.3 billion) Indians to scale new frontiers of science", he said. The launch was scheduled for July 15 but due to technical issues, it was postponed to July 22.
After setting right the technical snag, the ISRO launched the rocket on Monday afternoon. We intend to move towards the moon on August 14 and land on the moon around September 6.
Saturday marked fifty years since NASA's Apollo 11 mission successfully landed men on the Moon for the first time.
ISRO has kept Chandrayaan-2's costs low mostly because the spacecraft's course is not direct or comparatively fast.
On the other hand, the lunar-bound phase which was for 28 days under July 15 flight schedule, has come down to 13 days.
Screenwriter-lyricist Varun Grover said it is a "good day for science".
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President Ram Nath Kovind described the country's second Moon Mission as a "proud moment" for all Indians.
The liftoff marks India's bid to become only the fourth nation to land a spacecraft on the moon. Imaging of the landing area will be used to find a "hazard-free zone" for a soft landing in a high plain between two craters, the space agency said.
In case you don't know it already, the Chandrayaan 2 is a 3,850 kg three-component spacecraft comprising an orbiter, lander and rover, all developed ingeniously. Vikram and Pragyan, by contrast, are expected to work on the surface for just half of one lunar day - equivalent to about 14 Earth days.
"In such an ambitious and prestigious mission like Chandrayaan, one can not take a chance even if a small flaw is detected", Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan, head of space policy at the New Delhi think tank the Observer Research Foundation, told AFP. It will be orbiting in 100x100 km lunar orbit.
Chandrayaan-2 will take 54 days to accomplish the task of landing on to the Moon through meticulously planned orbital phases.
Both the lander as well as the rover will have the Indian national flag painted on them, while the Ashoka Chakra will be imprinted on the rover's wheels.
Scientists at the mission control centre in Sriharikota, off the Bay of Bengal, burst into applause as the rocket lifted off in clear weather as scheduled at 2.43pm local time (10.13 BST) Monday.