Federation Internationale de Football Association split from the Ballon d'Or in 2016 to launch its own set of awards.
Real Madrid have dominated the 30-man list of nominations for the Ballon d'Or with Gareth Bale, Karim Benzema, Thibaut Courtois, Isco Alarcon, Marcelo, Luka Modric, Sergio Ramos, and Raphael Varane all included.
For the first time ever, France Football is giving out a women's Ballon d'Or, with Germany's Dzsenifer Marozsan and Brazilian Marta among the top names in the running.
De Bruyne was nominated for helping City win the Premier League and Belgium reach the World Cup semi-finals.
Kane, the only English player to be named so far, is also up against Ronaldo's former Real Madrid team-mate Gareth Bale and Chelsea duo Eden Hazard and N'Golo Kante.
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Eden Hazard gives Chelsea another player in the running after starring alongside De Bruyne at the World Cup, with England's Golden Boot victor Harry Kane also included.
Others are Liverpool goalkeeper Alisson, Real Madrid striker Karim Benzema and Paris St-Germain attacker Edinson Cavani.
The ceremony to announce the victor will take place in Paris on 3 December, when a women's award will be presented for the first time.
The teenager is also on the 10-player shortlist for the inaugural Kopa Trophy, a new prize for the best player under 21, which is judged by stars including Cristiano Ronaldo and Messi.
Kylian Mbappe is third-favourite after winning the World Cup with France at the age of 19, with 6-1 odds. The two Ballon d'Or Awards will be decided by an global jury of journalists, with AS editor Alfredo Relaño again casting Spain's vote this year.