The business minister and MP for Orpington, tweeted that there was an "unresolvable tension" in his role.
An election seems the likeliest outcome. I think he has become the first - to my knowledge, the first leader of the Opposition in the democratic history of our country, to refuse the invitation to an election, Mr Speaker.
"Boris will argue that it is now time for the people to decide after parliament has failed them, so we can resolve this once and for all", a spokesman for the prime minister said. Of the 434 votes needed, the government received just 298 votes.
Earlier Tuesday, two other prominent Conservatives signaled their decision not to seek re-election rather than follow Johnson's Brexit policy.
On a day of high drama and acerbic debate in the House of Commons, lawmakers returned from their summer recess to confront Johnson over his insistence that the United Kingdom leave the European Union on October 31, even without a withdrawal agreement to cushion the economic blow. Once this deadline has passed, he will have to request an extension to the UK's departure date to 31 January 2020.
An alliance of opposition MPs backed by 21 rebels from Johnson's Conservative Party defeated the government on Tuesday on a motion allowing them to try to pass a law which would force a three-month extension to Britain's European Union exit date.
Peter Altmaier told Germany's Funke newspaper group Thursday that he expects Johnson "to deal responsibly with the citizens of his country and the European Union partners".
Pentagon diverts $3.6bn in funds for southern border wall
The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) said it would challenge the latest wall funding attempt in court, reports DW. She said she told Esper that Trump was negating the constitutional principle of separation of powers, the aide said.
A new election would set the stage for a brutal battle over whether voters favor a "no-deal" Brexit, more negotiations, or possibly a fresh referendum on the entire question of leaving the EU. The law will pass the upper house, the Lords, by Friday evening.
But in a session that lasted until 1.30 a.m.in London, peers agreed to return the bill to the Commons on Monday for any amendments before passing into law.
Johnson's response was one that many people believe he's been planning all along; he threatened to call a national election.
Late Wednesday, his bill to hold an early election on October 15 failed to win over the two-thirds of lawmakers required, thanks to a 2011 law requiring a supermajority.
Johnson has appointed a government of mainly Brexit supporters, which has positioned the Conservatives as the party of Brexit in the event of an election.
Johnson met with the Queen, who gave him permission to prorogue (i.e. suspend) Parliament.
The British parliament voted on Wednesday to prevent Prime Minister Boris Johnson taking Britain out of the European Union without a deal on October 31, but rejected his first bid to call a snap election two weeks before the scheduled exit.
But Parliament turned down his motion and the prime minister indicated he would try again, saying an election was the only way forward for the country and urging opposition lawmakers to "reflect overnight and in the course of the next few days".