About three-quarters of the government, including the military, is fully funded through September 2019. "Unfortunately, we're still very far apart".
Governor Ralph Northam of Virginia - a state bordering the U.S. capital that is home to many federal employees - urged Trump in a letter on Saturday to push immediate action to end the shutdown, saying it "inflicts real harm" on workers.
What is a government shutdown?
Amtrak, a federally owned corporation rather than a government agency, will be open.
Hundreds of thousands of federal employees will have to work unpaid or are furloughed, a kind of temporary leave.
Sen. Jeff Merkley, D-Ore., said the administration is sitting on most of the money Congress gave Trump past year for border security, excluding a wall. "So now President [Donald] Trump is president and the speakership is on the line, we are talking about $1.3 billion and the continued resolution".
Trump had savored the prospect of a shutdown over the wall. "General Mattis did not see this as a problem", Trump said. Trump campaigned on building a wall, which he'd originally said Mexico would pay for.
How long will this one last?In fact, according to a new Rasmussen Survey, they want President Trump driving the agenda.
Senate leader Chuck Schumer met Pence on Saturday at the request of the White House. But they didn't rule out action if a deal were struck. "The next scheduled session day will be on the 27th of December", Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said on the Senate floor.
"It's very possible that this shutdown will go beyond the 28th and into the new Congress" which takes its seat in early January, White House budget director Mick Mulvaney said.
What happens if the Senate goes 'nuclear?'
It didn't happen! We foolishly fight for Border Security for other countries - but not for our beloved United States of America . Trump has demanded $5 billion to build a wall on the southern USA border with Mexico , his signature campaign promise.
"I don't think it's imminent we're going to reach a deal", Shelby said.
What has actually shut down?. Airports will continue operating.
Most NASA employees will be sent home, as will Commerce Department workers and many at the Departments of Homeland Security, Justice, Agriculture and State. The Statue of Liberty was still open for tours, thanks to money from NY state, and the U.S. Post Office was still delivering mail.
Dozens of national parks and monuments were closed.
Those being furloughed included almost everyone at NASA and 52,000 workers at the Internal Revenue Service.
National parks generally planned to remain open, though with reduced services in some cases and without the presence of rangers to assist visitors.
Federal workers can not be paid for days worked while there is a lapse in funding. An additional 380,000 were to stay home without pay.
Has this always been the way?
"It just raises more alarm bells for people "that maybe there is something bigger going on" if it's necessary to have phone calls with the six biggest bank CEOs", said Manulife AM senior portfolio manager Nate Thooft. Deals were cut, and everyone moved on.
What are the long-term effects?
Trump's Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin had spent much of the weekend in damage control mode following reports that Trump had privately asked cabinet members whether he has the authority to fire Fed Chairman Jerome Powell. The fight bolstered Clinton's popularity and he sailed to re-election that November. No Republican leaders or any Democrats, all needed for any deal, attended the meal. Republicans tried to fund the government piecemeal, but a broader effort faltered.