Hardik Pandya, on 10, and Ravichandran Ashwin, on 7, were at the crease when play ended after an extended final session but only 78 overs were possible due to two rain interruptions.
Despite an unbeaten 36 from Shahidi, Afghanistan's struggles continued in the second innings as the pace of Yadav ripped through their top order by dismissing Shahzad, Ahmadi and Nabi, before the spin of Jadeja and Ashwin completed the rout.
Earlier, India folded up for a substantial 474 in their first innings after Afghanistan cleaned up the remaining four wickets at the stroke of lunch. "Its not about in the match but creating those situations in practice also and thinking and visualising as batsmen how they are going to play against each opponent".
24 - A total of 24 wickets fell on the 2nd day of this Test which is the most in a single day of a Test in 116 years and also the most in a Test in Asia. However, the Indian bowlers ran riot over the visitors, skittling them out twice in the three sessions for a mere total of 109 and 103 runs as hosts scripted their biggest win by an innings on home turf. "But they want to succeed and they work very hard but now we know that we have to work five times as hard", said Afghanistan coach Phil Simmons.
Hashmatullah Shahidi stuck around for 88 balls trying to salvage some pride by taking the match into a third day but the Indian bowling was unforgiving. Ravindra Jadeja bagged 4 for 17 while Umesh Yadav 3/26.
Test cricket's newest entrant was faced with a mountain to climb after India finishing batting. "I believe that they will get there".
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Indian openers Shikhar Dhawan (L) and Murali Vijay take a run during the one-off Test against Afghanistan at the M. Chinnaswamy Stadium on Thursday. "If they get mentally tough and find their technique, it will be good".
"I am proud of the men who championed cricket in Afghanistan in the dawn of the century and believed in themselves that one day Afghanistan will play against the best in the world", he said. "I would say 30 per cent, especially in the first couple hours of play on day one".
After learning cricket in refugee camps in Pakistan, Afghanistan have made giant strides, gaining one-day global status in 2009 and qualifying for their second 50-over World Cup in England and Wales next year.
India's win by an innings and 262 runs is their biggest in Tests, eclipsing the margin of an innings and 239 runs against Bangladesh in 2007.
BOWLING (to-date): Yamin Ahmadzai 13-6-32-2 (1w); Wafadar 15-4-53-1 (1nb, 1w); Mohammad Nabi 8-0-45-0; Rashid Khan 26-2-120-1; Mujeeb-ur-Rahman 14-1-69-1; Asghar Stanikzai 2-0-16-0.