US Navy reactivates Second Fleet amid Russian Federation tensions

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USA officials have expressed concerns about Russia's increasing naval capability, particularly with regard to its submarine fleet, as well as the Russian's navy increased presence in the Atlantic.

Richardson said the National Defense Strategy, which are the guidelines for United States diplomacy and security, made it clear that an era of great power competition has returned, while the security environment continues to grow more challenging and complex.

Amid rising tensions with Russian Federation, the Pentagon on Friday announced the official launch of a new naval command that will bolster the US and NATO presence in the Atlantic Ocean.

The Second Fleet, disestablished in 2011, conducted military exercises with North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, trained and certified ships and crews for deployment, provided humanitarian assistance and conducted disaster response missions.

The Second Fleet will once again operate out of the Norfolk, Virginia naval base and oversee the operations of assigned ships and aircraft in an effort to prepare for potential military engagement in the Atlantic.

At the same time, the U.S. Navy is re-establishing its 2nd Fleet command, which was eliminated in 2011 in a move to save costs.

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The Second Fleet's area of responsibility will extend to about halfway across the Atlantic Ocean.

The decision reflects escalating worries across Europe and within NATO over Russia's increased military presence and patrols in the Atlantic region.

The revived command will be stood up on July 1, and will initially have eleven officers and four enlisted personnel.

In the new national defense strategy released earlier this year, the USA said that countering Russian Federation and China would be a top priority, a shift of US foreign policy that previously prioritized fighting Islamist militants.

"We face growing threats from revisionist powers as different as China and Russian Federation, nations that seek to create a world consistent with their authoritarian models", Mattis said as he unveiled the Pentagon's national defense strategy.

"Our military is still strong, yet our competitive edge has eroded in every domain of warfare", he added.

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