'One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest' Director Milos Forman Dies at 86

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Milos Forman, the Czech-born director who fled his home country in search of creative freedom in the US and is most recognized for his Oscar-winning masterpieces One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and his screen adaptation of Peter Shaffer's play Amadeus, has died at 86.

Czech-American director Milos Forman has died aged 86 in the United States of America after a short illness. His wife, Martina, told CTK: "His departure was calm and he was surrounded the whole time by his family and his closest friends". The film was a flop, and Forman struggled before directing "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" in 1975, which won five Oscars including his first for Best Director.

Milos Forman after winning the best director Oscar for holds up his Oscar for his film Amadeus in 1985. That wouldn't happen again until The Silence of the Lambs in 1991.

He had an early success with "Loves of a Blonde", which was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1967.

Antonio Banderas was among those remembering the filmmaker, who was also known for his work on 1984's Amadeus, 1996's The People vs Larry Flynt and his 1999 work Man On The Moon. In 1998 he won the Czech Lion for his contributions to Czech cinema, and was honored with a Humane Letters doctorate from Columbia University in 2015.

He did not return to his homeland until 1983 when he filmed the multi-Oscar-winning Mozart biopic "Amadeus" there.

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The Fireman's Ball was released in 1967 and Forman was then invited to the USA by Paramount Pictures to make a film in America.

Born in the town of Caslav east of Prague on February 18, 1932, Forman lost both parents in Nazi concentration camps. His final film, "Goya's Ghosts", was released in 2006.

This adaptation of Ken Kesey's classic novel brought Forman his first Oscar for best director in his sad yet bitterly amusing portrait of a sane prisoner transferred to a mental institution who meets a matron more twisted than any madness.

Working with non-actors, Forman once revealed his strategy when making a film - the entire crew must have fun. A 2009 documentary Milos Forman: Co te nezabije. traces Forman's life and career.

Forman is survived by his wife, Martina Zborilova-Forman, and four children.

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