The White House will announce its move following a meeting between Trump, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis. There is simply too much negative historical baggage for any mainstream group in Iranian politics to want USA support.
Given that Iran has said it would no longer abide by the pact if the United States renews its sanctions, Trump's decision to nullify the arms control deal would very likely lead to Tehran never returning to the negotiating table and freeing itself of its nuclear obligations set by the deal.
Trump's decision on whether to stay in the nuclear deal, at least for now, has been complicated by his vocal support for anti-government protests that have erupted across Iran in recent weeks, focusing chiefly on economic concerns. Certainly, these protests do seem to draw from a different segment of Iranian Society than the 2009 Green Movement: younger and more working class.
The unrest also jolted the political ecosystem in Washington, where Iran policy remains a volatile flash point for the capital's wonks. 2 "I want to stress just in conclusion that I don't think anybody has so far produced a better alternative to the JCPOA as a way of preventing the Iranians from going ahead with the acquisition of the true nuclear capability And I think it's incumbent on those who oppose the JCPOA way to really to come up with that better solution, because we haven't seen it so far".
Also on January 8, another Iranian official, this time atomic chief Ali Akbar Salehi, issued a warning. The protests presented them with a ideal opportunity to grandstand.
That doesn't mean US politicians can't sympathize with the concerns of young, disaffected people in Iran or that the USA can't penalize Iran when it believes that country has misbehaved.
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Under the deal, Iran would need roughly a year, instead of less than two months, to produce enough fissile material for a nuclear weapon, giving the global community enough time to detect any major clandestine nuclear effort, said the report, which is co-authored by the Carnegie Endowment for worldwide Peace and Center for a New American Security. The protests, which failed to take root in the capital, were not going to topple the regime. Iran hawks worry that the IAEA won't even ask for such an inspection, fearing a confrontation with Iran.
Meanwhile, a veritable cottage industry of experts has sprung up, implying in their arguments that the only thing standing between Iran and a peaceful, pro-American government is a lack of US leadership.
But it's worth considering some of the lessons offered by the Iranian people.
Critics and proponents of the nuclear accord disagree sharply over whether it has strengthened, or undermined, Iran's president, Hassan Rouhani, who negotiated the deal, or the hard-liners in Tehran's clerical leadership.
Azizollah Hatamzadeh, an expert on Iran-US relations, told Al-Monitor, "The United States is trying to force Iran to act first and leave the JCPOA". Then we have to see how the Europeans react to Trump's policy.
Every 90 days Trump must has also certify Iran's compliance with the nuclear accord. But the White House could give Tehran the oxygen it needs to distract from popular demands. Those moves are meant to increase pressure without abrogating the nuclear accord that Iran reached with the United States and five other world powers, according to two administration officials. Elaborating upon his claim that recent nationwide protests in the Islamic Republic had been orchestrated by foreign infiltrators, Khamenei accused the USA of doing harm to the Iranian nation and warned that American interests will "have an answer".
That's an argument being desperately echoed by both many Iranian observers, as well as European officials.